What is Geography?
Geography is defined as the scientific study of earth’s lands, its features, its inhabitants and the phenomena surrounding the earth. It is an all-round discipline that explains an understanding of the earth and its human, physical and environmental complexities. Geography can be divided into three main branches or types. These are human geography, physical geography and environmental geography.
Three Types of Geography:
1. Human Geography:
Image: World Population
This is an important branch of geography that mainly involves the study of human race. This involves the study of the race, their origins, their interactions and the perceptions they have regarding various ideologies that affect them. It also includes the study of how these groups of people organize themselves in the places that they inhabit. Human geography has the following sub braches:
Population geography: This is the study of geography that is mainly concerned with the demographic distribution of the people. It includes the study of population distribution, migration, origin and growth in a particular region.
Economic geography: Economic geographers study the manner in which different products and services are produced and distributed in the various niche market. Additionally, this branch also examines the manner in which wealth is distributed over various regions across the planet.
Medical Geography: This is the branch of geography that deals with the study of patterns and spread of diseases. This involves epidemics and pandemics and their origins and distribution over a given geographical location.
Religious geography: This is the branch of human geography that studies the spread and distribution of religious groups, their culture and the built environment.
Political geography: This branch of human geography studies and investigates the political aspects of humans. This involves the boundaries of countries, the development strategies put in place and the voting patterns and behaviors within each jurisdiction.
2. Physical geography:
Image: World Climate Change Projections, NASA
Physical geography is another major branch of geography that deals with the physical characteristics of the earth. This is not limited to the characteristics on the earth’s surface but also beneath the earth and around the earth surface. This branch of geography is also referred to as physiography. Physical geography has the following sub-branches.
Biogeography: This is the study of animals and plants and their distribution and patterns on the earth’s surface.
Water resources geography: This is the branch of physical geography that deals with water resources and how the various water resources are managed and distributed across the physical earth. This also involves the study of how water is collected, distributed and used in different places spread across the planet.
Climate Geography: This is a branch of physical geography that deals with the study of the weather patterns and how these weather patterns affect the climate of a region on the planet. This also includes the study of all the activities that take place within the atmosphere and the atmospheric composition.
Geomorphology: This is a branch of physical geography that deals with the study of land and the processes that different land formations go through. It also studies the various land forms and the subsequent disappearance of these forms through such factors as erosion.
Soil geography: This involves the study of the upper layer of the earth’s surface, the lithosphere and its categorization and distribution.
3. Environmental Geography:
Image: World Map, histroy of human migration
Environmental geography is the study of spatial aspects of interactions between humans and their immediate environment and the resultant repercussions of this interaction. This branch of geography helps in understanding the various types of human activities over an area and their resultant effect on this area.
Importance of environmental geography: Environmental geography helps in understanding the physical land forms and their relationship with human activities. This helps researchers identify what human activities lead to what land forms and how to avoid or encourage certain activities that affect the environment.Environment geography also helps in simplifying life by studying the causes of diseases based on the environmental activities and their spread.
This Post Has 29 Comments
Ibrahim D. Usman28 Mar 2018
Geography is just the best subject in the field of study, bcos it touches all sphere of life.
Cyriacus Elochukwu17 Sep 2018
Not enough subtopics in your types of Geography.
james kovans26 Sep 2018
This siteis is soit educative
Ghulam Asghar4 Feb 2019
Onsongo Jevas5 Feb 2019
I’m from Kenya.I love Geography so much and I’m a Geography student in one of the universities here in Kenya.This article is so nice.kudos
Othman23 Mar 2020
Well! I’m from Borno state, Nigeria. I studied Urban and regional planning, and it’s believed that Geography is part of it. So, it’s really interesting.
Sweetdiys21 Feb 2019
Not enough types of geography- main topic
prince Owusu Desmond12 Jun 2019
I love this
Asare Elizabeth22 Jul 2019
I’m also Elizabeth in Ghana and I’m also interested in learning Geography
I really love this too
victoria30 Aug 2019
i found this post really helpful. Thumbs up to the admin!
Amino haruna7 Sep 2019
Christalee19 Sep 2019
this website is great and they should do this in other subject area
Natalee Richards19 Nov 2019
I like it
Godfred(godfee)24 Jan 2020
Your Comment Here…geography is my best subject
Ella Alex8 Mar 2020
Am ELLA studying at UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA NSUKKA,THANKS THIS ARTICLE WAS HELPFUL
DABAH HANKIRBO MARKUS KOLA16 Mar 2020
Your Comment Here…Geography is best field of study
Mwamba C19 Apr 2020
I have enjoyed it.i love it and it’s my major subject
Abdur Rashiyd Kayasudi6 Jun 2020
a good education
Joe Mamma20 Sep 2020
Thx this helped me with my hw
Ghulam Fareed19 Jan 2021
Thank you so much It helps me to prepare my presentation Effectively
Asad shan2 Feb 2021
Its marvellous very nyc+
MUSTAPHA SANI19 Apr 2021
I have learned many things on this article May God bless it and make it beneficial to beings.
Bertha29 Apr 2021
wow this is beautiful.I will study Geography
hansima azzah17 Mar 2022
Your Comment Here…is good students to study geography
Dharmajit Banik24 May 2021
I am always interested in every nook & corner of this beautiful planet and it’s environmental issues. Great article. I enjoyed it . Kudos to the team.
AJOU AJOU JONG GOT9 Jun 2021
I love Geography so I will learn it
Ogile Michael3 Nov 2021
Your Comment Here…In fact geography is my life thank u so much for more explanation
Su mama30 Mar 2022
Is very interesting this article of geography. “Esta muy chimba´´
ABDULRASHEED UMAR LAMIDO6 Aug 2022
GOOD! I’M A GEOGRAPHY TEACHER FROM NIGER STATE NIGERIA. GEOGRAPHY IS MY BEST SUBJECT SINCE WHEN I’M IN SECONDARY SCHOOL.