Architecture is one of the most common fields where GIS not only applies well but adds immense value to. GIS has been applied in the field of architecture in many ways. Below are some of the applications of GIS in Architecture.
1. Line of Sight – Planning high-rise buildings so they don’t obstruct the view of the mountains in Portland using line of sight. GIS helps architects plan the line of sight perfectly so that the buildings do not obstruct important features in the horizon.
2. Exposure to Noise – Orchestrating urban mobility plans with special consideration for the impact of environmental noise using OrbisGIS. GIS helps urban highrise buildings to be designed and positioned in areas that have little or no interference to the environment.
3. Development Planning – Making citizens happy through smart development planning and understanding the bigger picture. GIS helps in planning various development projects in urban areas and helping citizens understand the importance of urban development holistically.
4. Crowd Simulation – Mastering the collective dynamics of interacting objects in urban phenomena at the scale of individual households, people, and units of real estate and at time-scales approaching “real time”.
5. Solar Exposure – Harvesting light to assess the suitability of installing solar (photovoltaic) panels on roofs using 3D city models and geometric information such as the tilt, orientation and area of the roof.
6. City Engine – Assessing feasibility and plan implementation using Esri’s City Engine improving urban planning, architecture, and overall design. GIS helps to improve the overall urban plan by assessing the overall feasibility of any project yet to be implemented.
7. Pedestrian Behavior – Discerning the movements of pedestrians and urban behavior throughout the city. GIS can help discern the possible movement of pedestrians and vehicles and help in creating artistic impressions of cities.
8. Shadow Analysis – Diagnosing how much shadow will be casted in the pre-construction phase onto its surrounding using Bentley Map. GIS helps create exact impressions of shadows that would be cast during every preconstruction phase of a project.
9. Parking Availability – Orchestrating a parking available by collecting the percent of spaces occupied versus search time. GIS can also be used to determine the number of parking spaces that would be available and the amount of time that would be required to locate one.
10. Integration of GIS and BIM – Operating a facility with BIM (building information modeling) because of its ability to analyze information and integrate data from different systems.
11. Tangible Landscape – Experimenting with the potential impact of different building configurations with an easy-to-use 3D sketching tool. GIS can also be used to create life-size sketches of buildings and create proper models of the actual buildings that need to be constructed.
12. Geodesign – Conceptualizing building plans with focus on stakeholder participation and collaboration to closely follow natural systems.
13. Propagation of Noise in Urban Environments – Modelling 3D data to answer how urban citizens are harmed by noise pollution, and how to mitigate it with noise barriers. GIS can give a proper picture of the actual area where noise pollution is likely to affect the citizens and suggest measures to avoid such.